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Archive for the ‘chest pain’ Category

From the Physician’s Desk … Weekly Blog!

Don’t forget to visit … www.LegacyEducators.org and click on “Cancer Information”

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FEBRUARY IS AMERICAN HEART MONTH!

SaltThe average salt (sodium = NaCl/Na) consumption in the United States and around the world is ~3,400mg per day, according the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report.  It is recommended by the American Heart Association that daily salt intake be limited to 1,500 mg of sodium per day. The United States Dietary guidelines, based on the 2005 IOM report, recommend that the general population aim for sodium levels of 1,500 to 2,300 mg/dy, because those levels do not raise blood pressure, per study.

However, this study was considered flawed, because majority of the study participants were white males, average age of ~41, and did not have previous diagnosis of high blood pressure – not the typical “at risk” population in the United States.

A lower level of sodium intake (along with other recommended overall health adjustments) should decrease the risk of heart attacks and stroke. Unfortunately, the “at risk” group make up close to half of the U.S. population.  Groups  “at risk” include, but is not limited to:

  • Those with a current diagnosis of High Blood Pressure
  • Those with Heart disease
  • Those with a diagnosis of Diabetes
  • Blacks/African Americans
  • Anyone older than 50 years old
  • Anyone with chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Think that maintaining a low salt intake of 1,500mg is difficult?  Well, here are a few examples of salt content in common food…and then you do the math…for you!

  • 1 med slice of bacon = 155mg Sodium
  • salt 35 oz of roasted ham = 1,300 to 1,500mg Sodium (who eats only 3.5 oz of anything?)
  • 5 oz of Chicken (dark/white) = 87 / 77mg Sodium
  • 1 beef hot dog = 585mg Sodium
  • Tuna canned in spring water = 300mg Sodium
  • 1 oz American Cheese = 443mg Sodium
  • Cottage Cheese (low fat) = 918mg Sodium
  • Milk (whole/skim/1%) = 120/125/125mg NaCl/Na
  • Avocado (half medium) = 10mg NaCl/Na
  • Broccoli raw/cooked (half-cup) = 12mg / 20mg NaCl/Na
  • Cucumber (half cup) = 1mg NaCl/Na
salt1

Hands up! Please step away from the SALT!

See more on salt content of common foods HERE which will help you decide on how best to adjust your diet. A small change with a few substitutions can make a HUGE difference. Read your labels and look for sodium/Na when able, and for the love your heart, please choose less salt!

American Heart Month

American Heart Association
7272 Greenville Avenue
Dallas, TX 75231
(800) 242-8721
www.heart.org External Links Disclaimer Logo
Materials available

When to go to the Emergency Room?

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Remember …

Ipsa Scientia Potestas est    ———  Knowledge itself is power!

Don’t forget to visit my website … www.LegacyEducators.org 

Your Family Friendly Doc … Dr McGann!  

See you next week…

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From the Physician’s Desk … Weekly Blog!

Don’t forget to visit … www.LegacyEducators.org  and click on “Cancer Information”

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 HEART ATTACK (Myocardial Infarction [MI])

During the end of year holiday season, visits to the Emergency Department (ED) increases dramatically! Why? Overeating is quite common, as many tend to share in the festivities with the breaking of bread (pies, cakes, high calorie drinks, 3-4 servings/helpings at every meal [because home cooked meal is delicious!], etc.,). Overeating, can lead to indigestion, chest discomfort and/or pain. Is it a heart attack?

heart attackA heart attack can occur at any time, any season, any place. It may be experienced by you, a love one, a colleague while at work, or even a stranger while traveling. Knowing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and what to do is essential information that everyone should know.

Hollywood does a great job of simulating the worse case scenarios, but it is important that you know that a heart attack does not always manifest itself by someone clutching at their chest and gasping for air. The symptoms of a heart attack can vary from person to person and may be mild in some cases, such that some people are surprise to learn that they had a heart attack. Also, if you suffered a heart attack before, your symptoms may be different if you experience another one.

MYTH: Heart attack only occur in old people, like my grandparents.

FACT: Heart attack age range can occur in the 30’s (special cases, even younger), and is based on lifestyle induced risk factors. With an increase in obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol (common risk factors), heart attack in the 40’s – 50’s is, unfortunately, not a rare occurrence as in decades past!

90% of heart attack patients displays a combination of the following common signs and symptoms:

  • heart attackbExperience of Chest discomfort or pain to left side (over the heart), or center of the chest. The discomfort usually lasts for more than a few minutes or comes and goes. It has been described as a pressure, fullness, squeezing, or pain that can be mild or severe. The feeling can be compared to indigestion or heartburn.
  • Shortness of breath may sometimes be the only symptom, or it may accompany the chest pain or discomfort. It usually occurs while doing little activity or even at rest.
  • Pain in the left arm or both arms, shoulders, jaw, neck, back or center of the chest/mid abdomen may also occur. Some patients report breaking out in cold sweats, nausea and vomiting, sudden dizziness or lightheadedness, or feeling unusually tired.
  • The more signs and symptoms you have, the more likely that you may be experiencing a heart attack.
  • Heart attack can start slowly (hours, days, or weeks) and cause only discomfort or it can be sudden and more intense. Even more complicating, is that the symptoms can come and go over a few hours.

The symptoms described above may not occur or be very mild if diabetic or a woman! 

SO WHAT TO DO?

  • SAVE A LIFE … call 9-1-1! Not the time to be embarrass. Let the professionals at Emergency Department determine it is indeed a heart attack or just bad indigestion.
  • DO NOT DRIVE! An ambulance is the safest way to get to the hospital. Not only is it safe, they may be able to give lifesaving care, if needed and they are usually received faster at the hospital too.
  • If not allergic to Aspirin, it may be advised to crush or chew an aspirin, as this has been shown to be lifesaving!
  • Do not delay calling 9-1-1 to call family member, take an aspirin or anything else you may deem important. When life is in the balance – every minute counts

heart-attack-3-300pxRegardless of whether you are alone or in the presence of others – the very first thing to do is to call for emergency medical help. You need specialised treatment to be delivered to you as quickly as possible in order to save your heart muscles. If you are alone when a heart attack occurs, stop whatever you’re doing, proceed to a safe place to rest and call for medical help. For example, if you’re driving, first pull to the side of the road and call for help! For more information visit the American Heart Association website.

 

ARE YOU AT RISK? Complete the heart attack risk assessment HERE!

BASICS OF HEART ATTACK

RAW WWE – Jerry Lawler

UNTOLD STORIES OF THE ER

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Remember …

Ipsa Scientia Potestas est    ———  Knowledge itself is power!

Don’t forget to visit my website … www.LegacyEducators.org 

Your Family Friendly Doc … Dr McGann!  

See you next week…

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