Archive for the ‘chronic kidney disease’ Category

From the Physician’s Desk … Weekly Blog!

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SaltThe average salt (sodium = NaCl/Na) consumption in the United States and around the world is ~3,400mg per day, according the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report.  It is recommended by the American Heart Association that daily salt intake be limited to 1,500 mg of sodium per day. The United States Dietary guidelines, based on the 2005 IOM report, recommend that the general population aim for sodium levels of 1,500 to 2,300 mg/dy, because those levels do not raise blood pressure, per study.

However, this study was considered flawed, because majority of the study participants were white males, average age of ~41, and did not have previous diagnosis of high blood pressure – not the typical “at risk” population in the United States.

A lower level of sodium intake (along with other recommended overall health adjustments) should decrease the risk of heart attacks and stroke. Unfortunately, the “at risk” group make up close to half of the U.S. population.  Groups  “at risk” include, but is not limited to:

  • Those with a current diagnosis of High Blood Pressure
  • Those with Heart disease
  • Those with a diagnosis of Diabetes
  • Blacks/African Americans
  • Anyone older than 50 years old
  • Anyone with chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Think that maintaining a low salt intake of 1,500mg is difficult?  Well, here are a few examples of salt content in common food…and then you do the math…for you!

  • 1 med slice of bacon = 155mg Sodium
  • salt 35 oz of roasted ham = 1,300 to 1,500mg Sodium (who eats only 3.5 oz of anything?)
  • 5 oz of Chicken (dark/white) = 87 / 77mg Sodium
  • 1 beef hot dog = 585mg Sodium
  • Tuna canned in spring water = 300mg Sodium
  • 1 oz American Cheese = 443mg Sodium
  • Cottage Cheese (low fat) = 918mg Sodium
  • Milk (whole/skim/1%) = 120/125/125mg NaCl/Na
  • Avocado (half medium) = 10mg NaCl/Na
  • Broccoli raw/cooked (half-cup) = 12mg / 20mg NaCl/Na
  • Cucumber (half cup) = 1mg NaCl/Na

Hands up! Please step away from the SALT!

See more on salt content of common foods HERE which will help you decide on how best to adjust your diet. A small change with a few substitutions can make a HUGE difference. Read your labels and look for sodium/Na when able, and for the love your heart, please choose less salt!

American Heart Month

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